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Video classes and book

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Video classes
spoken in Portuguese with English, Spanish, French and Korean subtitles.

available in English, Spanish, French and Portuguese versions.

What is the key to making a quality film, TV series or other fiction?

The answer, which this new theory of narrative organizes and elucidates, lies in the development of the script based on the character's passionality. The theory of emotion arrives to complete the theory of the script, adding to the theory of the narrative of action.

The suffering, the lack, the damage, a passion that will be in the character is what will govern the basis of any fictional script. All actions that occur in the narrative must be in accordance with the characters' states of soul.

This focus on the character's emotions is what Syd Field called “the invisible structure of the script”, where it was not yet possible to enter. But he already recognized that the importance of a successful work was in the development of the narrative with relevance to the emotional state of the characters.

Therefore, with this new theory, it is possible to have tools to develop perfect scripts, which result in works that really move viewers, universal works for the global market, which characterizes the success of every work.

A work only becomes universal when it is able to communicate with anyone, in any language, as this communication takes place through the emotions that a work passes on to those who watch it. Feelings, sufferings are universal, understood or “felt” by anyone, anywhere in the world.

But how is it, in practice, a perfect work, built on the theory of the narrative of action and emotion?

Every successful work is built on the theory of action narrative, governed by the passionality of the characters.

What will you learn in this course?

Based on the existing action narrative theory, the three acts and the plot points, this masterclass will introduce and deepen the student to this other unprecedented side, until then, as a theory, the subjective side of the characters' passionality.

Even today, great screenwriters carry out works of great success, even without having a study that gives them tools for their creations. It was only intuitively possible to create a fictional narrative taking into account the passionate side of the characters as the basis of the script, and having only the theory of the narrative of the action as a reference.

With the possibility of studying the passionate aspect of the narrative, it became easier to achieve a perfect script. A story that is governed by the passionalities of the characters. No matter what story you're telling, it must always be built taking into account the characters' state of soul.

The course organizes this new theory in 5.5 hours of classes, divided into 14 videos, and a book with 136 pages. Works of knowledge of the general public, which were successful from the point of view of their scripts, such as Game of Thrones, Chernobyl, Westworld, Gravity, Rome, Parasite, Joker, among others, are used to apply the theory in their scripts.

The content of the theory is composed of 7 theoretical schemes: Narrative Program, Extraordinary Event, Surprise, Damage and Fracture, Existential Simulacrum, Cholera and Vengeance. You will learn to master characters' passions, such as anger, hatred, resentment, melancholy, revenge, and turn one passion into another, like hatred into revenge, to create a perfect internal journey of the character.

How did it come to this new theory?

The narrative theory that takes into account the emotions of the characters was only possible with the discovery of the Semiotics of Passions, in the early 1990s, in France, by AJ Greimas, a science to study the “meaning” of the passions and how they affect the subjects and the way they act.

Its effectiveness has already been tested only in visual language by Jean-Marie Floch, who transformed, with this semiotic, the way the brands Channel, Microsoft and Apple dominate and retain their consumers. His books serve as a basis for Marketing colleges worldwide.

The author Hermes Leal, PhD in Semiotics of Passions, having researched this science for 30 years, while writing novels and audiovisual scripts, saw a field to develop in the narrative from this study. Given what the Frenchman Floch had accomplished for Marketing, Leal set out to develop a theory for the audiovisual language.

This resulted in the publication of the book The Passions in the Narrative, released in the Collection Estudos of Editora Perspectiva, in 2017, and in this masterclass, also organized in a book, with the title The Passions in the Characters, released in 2019.

Hermes Leal

Journalist, writer, documentary filmmaker and linguist

PhD in Fiction Narrative, Hermes Leal is a writer, with seven published books, explorer and documentary filmmaker. He is a journalist, Master in Cinema, specializing in Screenplay by ECA / USP, and Doctor of Letters, specializing in Linguistics and Semiotics of Passions, by FFLCH / USP.

His studies in the fictional narrative were published by the publisher Perspectiva, in 2017, in the famous Collection Estudos, with the title “The Passions in the Narrative - The Construction of the Screenplay of Cinema”, in the same collection in which the films were launched in Brazil greatest thinkers in the world, such as Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault. His second work in this field, "The Passions in the Characters", demonstrates the application of his theory in the scripts and characters of the films "Roma", "Joker" and "Parasite" and in series, such as "Game of Thrones".

He is the author of the novel “Before the Dreams End” (Geração Editorial, 2016), about a young man fleeing the Amazon in dark times of the Cold War, which will be filmed with the direction of the award-winning filmmaker Lírio Ferreira and distribution of O2 Play.

He is a screenwriter and director of television series such as "Contemporary Thought" (channel Curta!) And "Filmmakers" (channels Curta! and A&E ), and documentary features, and creator and screenwriter of the "Amazon Fashion" series (Fashion TV and Amazon Prime Video).

Watch now the three video classes of Masterclass

1) Module Introduction: Class - Course Presentation (video 1)
2) Module 1 - Action Structures: Class - Character's Arc (video 4)
3) Module 3 - Invisible Narrative Layer: Class - Jon Snow's Fracture (video 14)

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Course Presentation

The Masterclass is divided into three modules: an Introduction on the theory, a first module covering the structures of the narrative, a second module on the effect of “passions” on the characters and a third module on the invisible layers of the characters.

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Character's Arc

This class shows the basic principles of the theory, highlighting the Narrative Program, and details how the structure of the script operates in three acts, now composed by Contract, Manipulation and Realization, the Contract being the starting point for the journey that will determine the arc of the characters.

Click CC for the subtitle language

Jon Snow's Fracture

The objective of this class is to deepen the learning of the Event and Surprise schemes, in which the “fracture” is the result of these two schemes, and is the cause of suffering in the character. Damage is what the character feels he suffered during an Extraordinary Event.

 "Hermes Leal has found a real treasure for us storytellers. Mainly for screenwriters, creators of audiovisual stories. He unveiled a sensational formula to work the writing process, but it needs a lot of dedication to study it." 

Orlando Senna
Filmmaker, writer, co-director of "Iracema, uma Transa Amazônica"

 "Excellent Masterclass, the only one that represents something innovative and contemporary, in script analysis and writing, with a true PhD in Semiotics, Hermes Leal. It is not a script course, it is a life course. Knowing the whole process of the existential simulacrum is something that you can not only apply in the script, but in your life. This is a theory that revolutionizes world cinema. And Hermes making this semiotic theory accessible to everyone is a great merit. It took 30 years of his dedication so that today, with 3 months, people can understand this theory." 

José Padilha
Director and Screenwriter

"Hermes Leal's classes are an opportunity to assist a serious researcher transmitting with depth and clarity teachings that greatly help those who write and are interested in audiovisual narratives. I enthusiastically recommend it." 

Paulo Henrique Alcântara
Playwright and Professor at the Theater School of the Federal University of Bahia

"The relationship between the narrative arc and the passionality of the characters has always impressed me a lot, being able to dive into this knowledge is invaluable! A watershed in my trajectory! Gratitude to Prof. Dr. Hermes Leal." 

Dan Santos

"It is the first time that I take a course focused on the script area. I always wrote by intuition, I love writing stories, I'm also an actress and that's why I fell in love at first sight with the course. There is no story without a character, he is the soul of the narrative. And if the character has no soul, no depth, the audience will not identify! Hermes is bringing something new and very necessary. The "cake" formula is always the same, but what will make the difference, delighting the audience, is the character. I will take semiotics with me not only as a screenwriter, but also as an actress in the construction of a character." 

Gabriela Inacio
Actress and Screenwriter

"As a storyteller, I am always looking for new narrative resources to create characters and plots. Hermes Leal's theory met my search and went further – it made me realize that not only is it possible to develop the superficial world with competence, but also to understand and build it in a profound way. The best part is that it is a theory that makes you think and analyze your story step by step. The teaching methodology, divided by modules and practical examples about films and series, complemented by reading the book, helps to internalize the content efficiently." 

Rodrigo Zafra Toffolo
Writer and Screenwriter

"I was very happy to do a workshop with Hermes Leal. He brings a lot of theoretical background to support his research and helps us understand the deeper layers of character construction. The Theory of Passions applied to cinematographic narrative seemed to me a very useful tool efficient for the development of the script, sensitizing our stories so that the audience is sensitized. I recommend it to all screenwriters who want to develop the human bias and the imperfection of their characters." 

Ronaldo Dimer

"I leave my thanks and recognition to Professor Hermes and his work. It should be in all universities. He manages to make concepts accessible, applicable. I am making a film analysis book, studying the representation of animals in cinema, and the book has turned around. Now, I am reviewing everything in the light of his theory. I am also already addressing the Semiotics of Passions in classes and study groups. It was very rewarding and even exciting to even know this work." 

Eveline Baptistella
Journalist and university Professor, PhD in Contemporary Culture Studies at UFMT

"When I sought information on how to write a good script, I always came across the phrase: "We must humanize the characters." This theory that Hermes teaches us is exactly the solution for anyone who is looking to know how to do this.The content and feedbacks given in class are extremely valuable and I can say that it is clear how my way of thinking about a story and developing characters has evolved and made my projects much more interesting. I recommend!"

Letícia Caovilla
Video Editor

"My thanks to Hermes Leal for providing all of us, his students, moments of extreme lucidity regarding the construction of scripts. Studying with Hermes Leal is much more than learning a technique or a new way of writing a script. It is learning to learn the characters' states of mind, deepen them and communicate them through the script. Gratitude Hermes!!!"

Francisco de Assis Carneiro
Professor and researcher

100% online course in multiplatform

You can study on your computer, tablet or mobile phone

Special launch price

Sign up and get immediate access to the video classes and the book "The Passions in the Characters", available in English, Spanish, French and Portuguese versions.

The video classes have subtitles in 4 languages: English, Spanish, French and Korean.

Support directly with author Hermes Leal.

How much?

U$ 300

for only 

Payment via PayPal
in up to 6 installments

  •  5.5 hours of classes
  •  Classes with English, Spanish, French and Korean subtitles
  •  Free access to the book "The Passions in the Characters"
  •  Support with author Hermes Leal
  •  Certified
  •  Available for 12 months